Chinese Name : 蛇莓
Latin Name : Herba Duchesneae
This herb is the whole plant of Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke of the family Rosaceae. It is mainly grown in the Liaoning, Hebei, Henan, Jiangsu, Anhui, and Fujian provinces of China. Collected in summer or autumn, it is either cleaned, dried, and cut into sections or used as a fresh herb.
Duchesnea is an antipyretic, detoxicant, antimicrobial, and an antitumor agent.
Use of Duchesnea in TCM
Sour, sweet, and slightly bitter in taste, slightly cold, and slightly toxic, it acts on the lung, stomach, and liver meridians.
Effects, Medicinal Uses, and Combinations
- Antitumorous : for stomach, cervical, and nostril cancers, and other malignant tumors, duchesnea is prescribed clinically with black nightshade (long kui) and solanum dulcamra (bai yeng) in a decoction.
- Eliminates Damp-Heat toxin : to treat sore throats, infantile convulsions, diphtheria, and diarrhea due to Dampness and Heat pathogens, duchesnea is used alone or it is combined with wild chrysanthemum flowers, viola, and dandelion in a decoction to treat carbuncles, abseesses, sores, furuncles, and boils.
- Cools down the Heat in the blood and stops vaginal bleeding : for hematemesis, metrorrhagia, and metrostaxis, it can be used alone in decoction. It can also be combined with leonurus and cyathula root to treat amenorrhea (menostasis) due to excessive pathogenic Heat in the blood and blood stagnation or it can be combined with a high dose of portulaca (ma chi xian) in a decoction for metrorrhea.
In a decoction of 15 to 30 g. or used externally as needed.
People with Cold in the stomach and spleen should use the herb with caution.
Side Effects and Toxicity
At the suggested dose, this herb may cause stomach discomfort, nausea, and vomiting.
Duchesnea contains volatile oil beta-sitosterol, and glycosides.
Duchesnea has antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and antitumorous actions.