Chinese Name : 天葵
Latin Name : Radix Semiaquilegiae
This herb is the dried root of Semiaquilegia adoxoides (DC) Mak. of the family Ranunculaceae. It is mainly grown in the Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, and Yunnan provinces of China, collected in the summer, cleaned, sliced, dried, and used unprocessed. Semiaquilegia root is antipyretic, detoxicant, antimicrobial, and an antitumor agent.
Use of Semiaquilegia Root in TCM
Sweet and bitter in taste, cool and slightly toxic, it acts on the spleen, small intestines, and bladder meridians.
Effects, Medicinal Uses, and Combinations
- Antitumorous: to treat liver, breast, and acute malignant lymphatic cancers, semiaquilegia root is combined with oldenlandia and paridis in a decoction. It is used with lobilia, black nightshade, and verbena to treat bladder cancer.For breast cancer, it is commonly prescribed with oldenlandia, paridis, fritillary bulb, and trichosanthes seed or, for lymphatic cancer, with seaweed and prunella spike.
- Eliminates Heat toxins and detoxifies: for the treatment of boils, carbuncles, mastitis, and similar conditions, semiaquilegia root is blended with dandelion, wild chrysanthemum, lonicera, and viola, as in Wu Wei Xiao Du.
- Induces diuresis to treat strangury: this herb is used alone in a decoction or mixed with plantain seed, pyrrosia (shi wei), polygonum herb and others in a decoction.
In a decoction of 3 to 10 g.
People with Cold and stomach and spleen deficiency should not use this herb.
Side Effects and Toxicity
At suggested doses, no adverse side effects or toxicity were reported in classical Chinese material medica. This herb is reported to be slightly toxic. Do not overdose.
Semiaquilegia root contains alkaloids, fats, organic acids, and amino acids.
Semiaquilegia root is antimicrobial and an antitumor agent.